Oakes is surname means dweller at the oak


Oakes is surname means dweller at the oak The surname of OAKES was  a locational name ‘the dweller at the oak’ from residence nearby. Local names usually  denoted where a man  held his land,  and  indicated where he actually  lived. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man  held land or from the place from which he had  come, or where he actually  lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as “de”, “atte”, “by” or “in”. The names may derive  from a manor held,  from working in a religious  dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream.Following the Crusades in Europe a need was  felt for a family name. This was  recognized by those of noble  blood,  who realised the prestige and  practical advantage it would add  to their status. Early records of the name mention Adam  at ye ock, 1273  County  Salop. Henricus atte  Ok, was  listed in the Yorkshire  Poll Tax of 1379.  William George Oakes was  baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, London  in 1604.  Arthur Ayres married Mary Oake at St. George’s Chapel, Mayfair, London  in 1754.  The name is also  spelt  Oake, and  Oaks. In some cases the surname may be a habitation name from minor places named with this word, such as Oake in County  Somerset. It is also  possible that it was  also  used as a nickname for someone ‘as  strong as an oak’.  The acquisition of surnames in Europe has been affected by many  factors, including  social  class and social  structure. On the whole,  the richer and  more  powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier  than  the working classes and  the poor,  while surnames were  quicker  to catch on in urban areas than  in rural areas. These facts  suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and  fealty were  matters of direct relationship between a lord and  his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one  carl from another. But as societies became more  complex, and  as such matters as the management of tenure and  in particular the collection  of taxes were  delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more  complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one  individual from another.

ARMS – Gules two lions combatant argent a chief of the last quartering sable a fess between  six acorns or

CREST – An oak  tree  fructed or supported by two lions rampant sable

MOTTO – QUERCUS ROBUR  SALUS PATRIAE The  strength of the oak  is the safety of the country

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