Henney means Great and Little Henny
This surname of HENNEY was a locational name ‘of Great and Little Henny’ small places in the county of Essex. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was derived from the Old English word ‘henn-ieg’ and literally meant the dweller by the river frequented by wild birds. Early records of the name mention HENIER (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086 and HENNEY (without surname) was documented in County Essex in the year 1185. The name was spelt as HENNYE in the year 1202 and as HENEYE in 1254. The name was taken to Ireland by early settlers and the principal sept of this name is O’hEighnigh in Irish, important and widespread in Oriel, formerly stretching its influence into Fermanagh. HEGNEY is a variant. Another family of the name in Ulster were erenaghs of Banagher in County Derry. Minor septs of O’hEanna, also anglicized HEANEY were of some note in County Clare, County Limerick and County Mayo, up to the seventeenth century. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There
appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and
150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised.The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.
ARMS – Vert a chevron or in chief three lions rampant of the second CREST – A demi lion rampant guard holding a battle axe argent MOTTO – PERSEVERANDO